The Mexican Revolution of 1910

On November 20, Mexico celebrates the anniversary of its Revolution. On this date, in the year 1910 the war to overthrow the dictator Porfirio Díaz, began.

Don Porfirio, as he was called, had been in power for more than 30 years (1876-1911). Under his rule, Mexico had political stability and grew in many areas, creating new industries, railroads, kilometers of railroad tracks as well as the increase of foreign capital. Non-the less, this progress was not translated into the peoples' well being.

Soon there was political unrest. The unhappiest sectors of the Mexican society were the peasants and labor workers.

In 1906 the army brutally repressed a strike of miners in the Cananea mine in Sonora. Díaz did every thing in his power to crush any uprisings. The Cananea massacre is historically considered the spark that finally ignited Mexico's Revolution.

Francisco I. Madero was one of the strongest believers that President Diaz should renounce his power and not seek re-election. Together with other young reformers, Madero created the ''Anti-reeleccionista'' Party, which he represented in subsequent presidential elections. Between elections, Madero travelled throughout the country, campaigning for his ideas and calling for a National Insurrection on November 20 1910.

The decisive victory of the Mexican Revolution was the capture of Ciudad Juarez, just across the river from El Paso. Porfirio Diaz then resigned as President and fled to exile in France.

Some of the most important Revolutionaries were Pascual Orozco and Pancho Villa in the northern states, and Emiliano Zapata in the south.
New elections took place in 1911, and Madero was elected President of Mexico. Unfortunately, peace was not to come to this country for a while.

Several Revolutionary leaders couldn't settle their differences. Madero wanted to work steadily and patiently towards bettering the economic and social situation. But many revolutionary commanders wanted immediate change, which was impossible to accomplish. Pascual Orozco, for example, led and lost a revolt against Madero.

Three Porfirist generals also attacked President Madero, who in turn, appointed Victoriano Huerta to repress the offensive. A fatal decision…. In time history would prove that Victoriano Huerta was the utmost traitor of the Revolution. Francisco I. Madero was captured and assassinated by Huerta's accomplices. The vice-president and a brother of Madero were also killed.

Huerta's victory would be short-lived. A new Revolutionary movement emerged with unprecedented force; it was called the Constitutionalist Movement. In 1917 the Constitution was reformed. Fighting among revolutionary groups did not end until 1920.

The Mexican Revolution (Conclusion) - The Porfiriato - 1917 Constitution